01702 667590 INFO@SOSRC.ORG.UK



email: info@sosrc.org.uk | call: 01702 667590



Consent is when someone agrees, gives permission, or says “yes” to sexual activity with other persons. Consent is always freely given and all people in a sexual situation must feel that they are able to say “yes” or “no” or stop the sexual activity at any point.

Consent is never assumed

When consent can be given:

  • If you are free to make a choice if there isn’t anything bad that would happen to you if you said no – for example if they were being threatened with violence ( by for example a friend or boyfriend).
  • Freedom is also affected if there is a power imbalance between two people, because of age, status or some kind of dependency (i.e. drug use, financial control).
  • Having the freedom to consent means doing something because you WANT to, not because something or someone is pressuring you one way or the other.
  • Capacity is about whether you are physically and/or mentally able to make a choice and to understand the consequences of that choice.
  • It’s the same as the law that says you may be physically able to drive a car when you are drunk but you are not mentally able, if you are drunk or high, you don’t have true capacity to agree to sex.
  • Capacity is also affected if you have some kinds of learning difficulties or by age… basically, anything that means you aren’t fully aware of what saying yes or no means.
  • Consent is not ongoing and needs to be negotiated not only every time you have sex (regardless of with same person or different) but even during sex as you start to do different things.
  • Consent is contextual which means that if you agree to sex with particular stipulations (i.e. a condom), your consent is tied to this.
  • If someone has sex with you outside of the particular context you specified, then this is not consensual.

Watch this video explaining consent:


Child sexual exploitation (CSE) is a type of sexual abuse.  This is when you may have been tricked or put in exploitative situations and relationships receive something such as gifts, money or affection as a result of performing sexual activities or others performing sexual activities on them.

Children or young people may be tricked into believing they’re in a loving, consensual relationship. They might be invited to parties and given drugs and alcohol. They may also be groomed and exploited online.

Some children and young people are trafficked into or within the UK for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Sexual exploitation can also happen to young people in gangs.


Grooming is when someone builds an emotional connection with a child to gain their trust for the purposes of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or trafficking.

Children and young people can be groomed online or face-to-face, by a stranger or by someone they know – for example, a family member, friend or professional.

Groomers may be male or female. They could be any age.

Many children and young people don’t understand that they have been groomed or that what has happened is abuse.

Watch this video: Losing Control: A Story About Sexual Exploitation


Sexting can happen for lots of reasons. You might: feel like ‘everyone else is doing it’ even if they’re not – especially if they’re exaggerating about sending photos or boasting about having them on their phone worry about being seen as ‘not sexy’, ‘frigid’ or ‘shy’ and go along with things you’re uncomfortable with.

You might feel under pressure to sext as a way of ‘proving’ your sexuality, feel harassed, threatened or blackmailed into sending pictures, or to feel it’s easier just to ‘give in’ to somebody who keeps asking for things. You might feel like you want someone’s approval.

You girlfriend or boyfriend might think you ‘owe’ them something or made to feel guilty if you don’t do what they ask you for.

You might be in love with the person and trust them completely.

You have a long distance or online relationship with someone and want to have a sexual relationship with them.

If you want to find out more watch Taylor’s Story:


At SOS Rape we have Children’s Independent Sexual Violence Advocates, you may hear people refer to these workers as CHISVA’s which is the short version for their proper name.

A CHISVA’s role is:

  • To deliver advocacy and support service to you if you are aged 17 years and under.
  • To help you access appropriate therapeutic interventions and to develop your own support network through internal or external referral processes.
  • To provide emotional and practical support through the criminal justice system and beyond as necessary.
  • To empower you to be able to share their thoughts and feelings with your carers and professionals working with them.
  • To risk assess and help you keep safe, including preparing personal safety plans in conjunction with professionals working you.
  • To consider and respond to safeguarding issues raised about you or someone you might know and support you with liaising with other agencies accordingly.
  • To support you to access your rights.
  • To support you to access health services.
  • To attend relevant multi-agency meetings/panels where appropriate to support meeting your needs and ensuring YOUR voice is heard.
  • To provide information about the impact of sexual violence to you, your carers and other agencies to enable you to understand and better respond to trauma behaviours.


The Young Person’s is a service for boys, girls, and transgenders that is if you are aged 11-25 years and have experienced any type of sexual abuse at ay point in their lives.  As well as one-to-one counselling support –  The Young Person’s service offers therapeutic group work for young people that addresses emotional, behavioural issues and helps young people understand their experience.
The support helps young survivors come to terms with what happened and how to deal with the effects it is having on their life.
There is no pressure to go into details about what happened. Survivors can talk when they are ready and at their own pace in a safe and confidential space.
We understand it can be difficult to talk about what has happened so Young Person’s workers will tailor their support to what your needs are. This can be with creative arts and other activities.


Girls and Boys group work brings young people together who have been through similar situations.
It is a safe place to share experiences and advice, which can help young people to see that they are not alone.
Perhaps they think no one will believe them, or that they did something to deserve it.  They may have been threatened.
Maybe they don’t want friends to find out, they want to protect their family or even the person who did this.
The support helps young people to recognise the effects of sexual abuse and the behaviours that may manifest as a result of the abuse.
If you are a carer or a relative of a young person and would like to access support you can ring our office or make an online referral and a Rape Crisis worker will be in contact with you.


SOS Rape Crisis recognises that it can be extremely distressing for parents to know that their child has experienced sexual abuse. Parents / Carers can access up to 6 counselling sessions to help them process their own feelings about what has happened. Monthly Parent Support Groups are also available. If you would like further information please ring our office or make an online referral and a Rape Crisis Worker will be in contact with you.

Download our Parents Guide for more information: